A1 Journal article – refereed
Income Inequality, Poverty, and Fear of Crime in Europe




List of Authors: Kujala Pietari, Kallio Johanna, Niemelä Mikko
Publisher: SAGE journals
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Cross-Cultural Research
eISSN: 1552-3578

Abstract

Studies of fear of crime in Europe associate country-level income inequality with fear of crime. However, by considering only income inequality these studies do not account for the effects of poverty. This article provides a more comprehensive perspective through multiple country-level indicators of income inequality and poverty and thereby provides important insights into fear of crime. The research data consist of the European Social Survey, Round 7 (2014), and country-level indicators provided by Eurostat. The results show that the Gini coefficient, S80/S20 ratio, and material deprivation are positively associated with fear of crime. The association is statistically significant but is moderate at best. However, the association between the relative median at-risk-of-poverty risk gap and fear of crime is not statistically significant. Education and income only appear to be mediators between material deprivation and fear of crime. Trust appears to be a mediator between the country-level indicators and fear of crime.


Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 19:43