A1 Journal article – refereed
Urocanic acid isomers do not modulate intracellular calcium and cyclic AMP in human natural killer cells

List of Authors: Laihia JK, Uksila J, Toppari J, Jansen CT
Publication year: 2001
Journal: Acta Dermato-Venereologica
Journal name in source: Acta dermato-venereologica
Journal acronym: Acta Derm Venereol
Volume number: 81
Issue number: 2
ISSN: 0001-5555

Ultraviolet irradiation influences natural killer cell function both in vitro and in vivo. The postulated ultraviolet photoreceptor in the epidermis, urocanic acid, has been reported to depress the cytotoxic activity of human natural killer cells. Therefore, this study investigated whether this would occur through specific second messengers, using a radioimmunoassay for intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and Fluo-3 staining plus flow cytometry for free calcium. Both isolated lymphocytes and enriched CD16+ cells were used. A combination of the trans- and cis-isomers of urocanic acid (200 microg/ml) induced cAMP in both CD16+ and CD16- cells, but individual, stereospecific effects were not demonstrable. Urocanic acid did not induce significant changes in calcium levels in lymphocytes, or natural killer cells alone or conjugated to K562 target cells. Evidently, the biochemistry of urocanic acid-mediated natural killer-cell modulation is complex, and the cellular receptor(s) and specific signal transduction pathway(s) mediating the biological effects of urocanic acid remain elusive.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 21:31