A1 Journal article – refereed
Rat spermatogenesis in vitro traced by quantitative flow cytometry

List of Authors: Toppari J, Mali P, Eerola E
Publication year: 1986
Journal: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Journal name in source: The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
Journal acronym: J Histochem Cytochem
Volume number: 34
Issue number: 8
ISSN: 0022-1554

In vitro differentiation of germ cells in rat seminiferous tubule segments at stages II-III of the epithelial cycle was studied. DNA flow cytometry was used for quantitation of absolute cell numbers from the cultured tubule segments that were compared to freshly isolated stages of the cycle, as identified by transillumination stereomicroscopy of the seminiferous tubules and phase-contrast microscopy of live cell squashes. Spermatogonia and spermatocytes from stages II-III showed normal morphological differentiation during 7 days in vitro. Round spermatids differentiated to Step 7 of spermiogenesis but Step 16 spermatids failed to develop. Acid phosphatase activity in the spermatogenic cells changed normally during the culture. As compared with freshly isolated control tubule segments, 35% of round spermatids and 42% of pachytene spermatocytes were present in culture after 7 days. The cell numbers recovered from defined stages by DNA flow cytometry were close to those found in morphometric studies. Flow cytometry is an efficient quantitation method for cells liberated from seminiferous epithelium. Spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and early spermatids are able to differentiate in vitro, but spermatids approaching the elongation (acrosome) phase, and particularly the maturation phase, fail to differentiate under present culture conditions.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:02