A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Putative effects of endocrine disrupters on pubertal development in the human




List of Authors: Teilmann G, Juul A, Skakkebaek NE, Toppari J
Publication year: 2002
Journal: Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Journal name in source: Best practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism
Journal acronym: Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab
Volume number: 16
Issue number: 1
ISSN: 1521-690X

Abstract
Pubertal development is regulated by gonadotrophins and sex hormones. There has been a clear secular trend in the timing of puberty during the last century, puberty becoming earlier. Although improved nutrition is assumed to be the cause, this could partly be associated with exposure to so-called endocrine disrupters. Precocious puberty has been described in several case reports of accidental exposure to oestrogenic compounds in cosmetic products, food and pharmaceuticals. Local epidemics of premature thelarche have also been suggested to be linked to endocrine disrupters. Children adopted from developing countries to industrialized countries often develop precocious puberty. Not only precocious puberty, but also delayed puberty can, theoretically, be associated with exposure to endocrine disrupters. While it is very plausible that endocrine disrupters may disturb pubertal development, there is very little research on this and, therefore, we do not yet have any clear cause-effect relationships in humans.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 23:27