A1 Journal article – refereed
Flow cytometric quantification of rat spermatogenic cells after hypophysectomy and gonadotropin treatment

List of Authors: Toppari J, Tsutsumi I, Bishop PC, Parker JW, Ahmad N, Tsang C, Campeau JD, diZerega GS
Publication year: 1989
Journal: Biology of Reproduction
Journal name in source: Biology of reproduction
Journal acronym: Biol Reprod
Volume number: 40
Issue number: 3
ISSN: 0006-3363

DNA flow cytometry was evaluated as a tool to analyze stage-specific changes that occur in absolute cell numbers in the testes. Hypophysectomy was selected as a model system for perturbing testicular cell types, since the cytological sequelae of this treatment post-hypophysectomy in the rat are well documented in the literature. Rat spermatogenic cells in stages II-V, VII, and IX-XIII of the seminiferous epithelial cycle (as defined by Leblond and Clermont, 1952) were quantified in numbers per standard length of seminiferous tubule by DNA flow cytometry after hypophysectomy and subsequent gonadotropin treatment. In agreement with previous histological studies, we found that acrosome- and maturation-phase spermatids disappeared from the seminiferous epithelium after 17 days post-hypophysectomy, whereas meiosis and early spermiogenesis continued at least 164 days. The number of meiotic cells and round spermatids gradually decreased after hypophysectomy. Changes were observed as early as Day 6 post-hypophysectomy. Treatment with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) alone maintained most cell numbers within normal limits, and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) was needed in addition to hCG to maintain the normal number of cells with the amount of DNA contained in primary spermatocytes and spermatogonia in G2/M-phase (4C) in stages IX-XIII and elongated spermatids (1C') in stages II-V of the epithelial cycle. The absolute numbers of spermatogenic cells at different phases of maturation provide a useful reference for quantitative studies of spermatogenesis. Pathological changes in the seminiferous epithelium can be detected and quantified by DNA flow cytometry.

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