A1 Journal article – refereed
Inhibition of dentin matrix-bound cysteine cathepsins by potassium fluoride

List of Authors: Altinci P., Mutluay M., Tjäderhane L., Tezvergil-Mutluay A.
Publisher: Blackwell Munksgaard
Publication year: 2019
Journal: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Journal name in source: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Volume number: 127
Issue number: 1
ISSN: 0909-8836


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and cysteine cathepsins (CCs) can break down unprotected type I collagen fibrils in dentin matrix. This study investigated the use of potassium fluoride (KF) as a potential inhibitor of MMPs and CCs in dentin. Demineralized dentin beams were divided into groups (n = 10 in each group) and incubated in artificial saliva (AS, control), either alone or with one of seven concentrations of KF (6–238 mM fluoride) for 1, 7, and 21 d. After 21 d, all groups were further aged in AS for 6 months. Total MMP activity was screened using the colorimetric MMP assay. The activities of MMP‐2 and MMP‐9 were investigated using gelatin zymography. At the end of each incubation, changes in loss of dry mass and CC‐mediated or total dissolution of collagen peptides were measured via precision weighing, C‐terminal crosslinked telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), and hydroxyproline (HYP) assays. The beams were examined using scanning electron microscopy. After 21 d, total MMP activities, dry mass loss, and CTX release for the groups exposed to 179 and 238 mM fluoride were significantly lower compared with the control group. After 6 months, all groups showed similar total MMP activity, dry mass loss, and HYP release, and CTX levels were significantly lower when the fluoride concentration was ≥24 mM. Calcium fluoride (CaF2)‐like precipitates were observed over the beams. In summary, KF significantly inhibited the catalytic activity of dentin matrix‐bound CCs but did not seem to be effective for MMP‐mediated activity.

Last updated on 2019-19-07 at 19:04