A1 Journal article – refereed
Binding of C-11-Pittsburgh compound-B correlated with white matter injury in hypertensive small vessel disease

List of Authors: Hashimoto T, Yokota C, Koshino K, Temma T, Yamazaki M, Iguchi S, Shimomura R, Uehara T, Funatsu N, Hino T, Minematsu K, Iida H, Toyoda K
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Journal name in source: ANNALS OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE
Journal acronym: ANN NUCL MED
Volume number: 31
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 0914-7187

Objective C-11-Pittsburgh compound-B (C-11-PIB) positron emission tomography (PET) is used to visualize and quantify amyloid deposition in the brain cortex in pathological conditions such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Intense C-11-PIB retention is also observed in the white matter (WM) of both healthy individuals and AD patients. However, the clinical implications of this retention in brain WM have not been clarified. We investigated the relationship between the extent of white matter lesions (WMLs) and the binding potential of C-11-PIB (BPND) in the WM in patients with hypertensive small vessel disease. We further examined the relationship between the extent of WMLs and BPND in WML and in normal-appearing white matter (NAWM).Methods Twenty-one hypertensive vasculopathy patients, without AD and major cerebral arterial stenosis and/or occlusion, were enrolled (9 women, 68 +/- 7 years). Regions of WML and NAWM were extracted using magnetization-prepared rapid gradient-echo and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery of magnetic resonance images. Volumes of interest (VOIs) were set in the cortex-subcortex, basal ganglia, and centrum semiovale (CS). BPND in the cortex-subcortex, basal ganglia, CS, WML, and NAWM were estimated on C-11-PIB PET using Logan graphical analysis with cerebellar regions as references. The relationships between WML volume and BPND in each region were examined by linear regression analysis.Reults BPND was higher in the CS and basal ganglia than in the cortex-subcortex regions. WML volume had a significant inverse correlation with BPND in the CS (Slope = -0.0042, R (2) = 0.44, P < 0.01). For intra WM comparison, BPND in NAWM was significantly higher than that in WML. In addition, although there were no correlations between WML volume and BPND in WML, WML volume was significantly correlated inversely with BPND in NAWM (Slope = -0.0017, R (2) = 0.26, P = 0.02).Conclusion C-11-PIB could be a marker of not only cortical amyloid-beta deposition but also WM injury accompanying the development of WMLs in hypertensive small vessel disease.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 13:21