A1 Journal article – refereed
Human immune response to streptococcal inhibitor of complement, a serotype M1 group A Streptococcus extracellular protein involved in epidemics




List of Authors: Hoe NP, Kordari P, Cole R, Liu M, Palzkill T, Huang W, McLellan D, Adams GJ, Hu M, Vuopio-Varkila J, Cate TR, Pichichero ME, Edwards KM, Eskola J, Low DE, Musser JM
Publication year: 2000
Journal: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Journal name in source: The Journal of infectious diseases
Journal acronym: J Infect Dis
Volume number: 182
Issue number: 5
Number of pages: 12
ISSN: 0022-1899

Abstract
Streptococcal inhibitor of complement (Sic) is a highly polymorphic extracellular protein made by serotype M1 group A Streptococcus strains that contributes to bacterial persistence in the mammalian upper respiratory tract. New variants of the Sic protein arise very rapidly by positive selection in human populations during M1 epidemics. The human antibody response to Sic was analyzed. Of 636 persons living in diverse localities, 43% had anti-Sic serum antibodies, but only 16.4% had anti-M1 protein serum antibody. Anti-Sic antibody was also present in nasal wash specimens in high frequency. Linear B cell epitope mapping showed that serum antibodies recognized epitopes located in structurally variable regions of Sic and the amino terminal hypervariable region of the M1 protein. Phage display analyses confirmed that the polymorphic regions of Sic are primary targets of host antibodies. These results support the hypothesis that selection of Sic variants occurs on mucosal surfaces by a mechanism that involves acquired host antibody.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 15:57