A1 Journal article – refereed
Systematic Structure-Activity Study on Potential Chaperone Lead Compounds for Acid alpha-Glucosidase




List of Authors: Bruckmann C, Repo H, Kuokkanen E, Xhaard H, Heikinheimo P
Publisher: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Publication year: 2012
Journal: ChemMedChem
Journal name in source: CHEMMEDCHEM
Journal acronym: CHEMMEDCHEM
Number in series: 11
Volume number: 7
Issue number: 11
ISSN: 1860-7179

Abstract
Acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) is a lysosomal enzyme and a pharmacological target for Pompe disease, an inherited lysosomal storage disorder (LSD). An emerging treatment for LSDs is the use of pharmacological chaperones, small molecules that enhance total cellular activity of the target lysosomal protein. We have systematically studied thirteen inhibitors, which provide good lead compounds for the development of GAA chaperones. We have verified binding on GAA at low and neutral pH, mapping the range of pH during transport to lysosomes. These ligands inhibit GAA competitively and reversibly, and a few of the compounds show higher molecular stabilisation capacity than would be expected from their binding affinity. These molecules also increase lysosomal localisation of GAA variants in cells. In order to understand the specific molecular mechanism of the interactions, we docked the compounds to a homology model of the human GAA. Three factors contribute to the tightness of binding. Firstly, well-positioned hydroxy groups are essential to orient the ligand and make the binding specific. Secondly, the open nature of the GAA active site allows both large and small ligands to bind. The third and most important binding determinant is the positive charge on the ligand, which is neutralised by Asp518 or Asp616 on GAA. Our study creates a firm basis for the design of drugs to treat Pompe disease, as it provides a comparable study of the ligand properties. Our analysis suggests a useful drug design framework for specific pharmacological chaperones for human GAA.


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Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 07:04