A1 Journal article – refereed
Quantitative assessment of regional myocardial blood flow with thallium-201 and SPECT

List of Authors: Iida H, Eberl S
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication year: 1998
Journal: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology
Journal acronym: J NUCL CARDIOL
Volume number: 5
Number of pages: 19
ISSN: 1071-3581

Thallium-201 has been used extensively as a myocardial perfusion agent and to assess myocardial viability. Unlike other Tc-99m-labeled agents such as Tc-99m-sestamibi and Tc-99m-tetro-fosmine, the regional concentration of Tl-201 varies with time, and its kinetics make it a potential candidate for estimating absolute physiologic parameters with kinetic model analysis. This article outlines a strategy for quantitative assessment of regional myocardial blood flow in man using Tl-201 and dynamic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), Quantitatively accurate SPECT images that are proportional to the true radioactivity distribution are prerequisites for model-based kinetic analysis. Our technique for quantitative SPECT includes ordered-subset maximum likelihood-expectation maximization (ML-EM) reconstruction with transmission data-based attenuation correction and transmission-dependent convolution subtraction scatter correction. A three-compartment model was found to reproduce the observed regional time-activity curves well, and dog experiments demonstrated that influx rate constant (K-1) values estimated from the dynamic SPECT data correlated well with absolute myocardial blood flow determined by in vitro microspheres for a physiologically wide range of flows. Several possible strategies for simplifying the study procedures, without compromising accuracy, are also presented, which should make absolute quantitation of regional myocardial blood flow feasible using Tl-201 and a conventional SPECT camera in a clinical setting.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 21:27