A1 Journal article – refereed
NONINVASIVE QUANTIFICATION OF REGIONAL MYOCARDIAL BLOOD-FLOW IN CORONARY-ARTERY DISEASE WITH OXYGEN-15-LABELED CARBON-DIOXIDE INHALATION AND POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY




List of Authors: ARAUJO LI, LAMMERTSMA AA, RHODES CG, MCFALLS EO, IIDA H, RECHAVIA E, GALASSI A, DESILVA R, JONES T, MASERI A
Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Publication year: 1991
Journal: Circulation
Journal name in source: CIRCULATION
Journal acronym: CIRCULATION
Volume number: 83
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract
Background. Oxygen-15-labeled water is a diffusible, metabolically inert myocardial blood flow tracer with a short half-life (2 minutes) that can be used quantitatively with positron emission tomography (PET). The purpose of this study was to validate a new technique to quantify myocardial blood flow (MBF) in animals and to assess its application in patients.Methods and Results. The technique involves the administration of O-15-labeled carbon dioxide ((CO2)-O-15) and rapid dynamic scanning. Arterial and myocardial time activity curves were fitted to a single tissue compartment tracer kinetic model to estimate MBF in each myocardial region. Validation studies consisted of 52 simultaneous measurements of MBF with PET and gamma-labeled microspheres in nine closed-chest dogs over a flow range of 0.5-6.1 ml/g/min. A good correlation between the two methods was obtained (y = 0.36 + 1.0x, r = 0.91). Human studies consisted of 11 normal volunteers and eight patients with chronic stable angina and single-vessel disease, before and after intravenous dipyridamole infusion. In the normal group, MBF was homogeneous throughout the left ventricle both at rest and after administration of dipyridamole (0.88 +/- 0.08 ml/g/min and 3.52 +/- 1.12 ml/g/min, respectively; p less-than-or-equal-to 0.001). In patients, resting MBF was similar in the distribution of the normal and stenotic arteries (1.03 +/- 0.23 and 0.93 +/- 0.21 ml/g/min, respectively). After dipyridamole infusion, MBF in normally perfused areas increased to 2.86 +/- 0.83 ml/g/min, whereas in the regions supplied by stenotic arteries it increased to only 1.32 +/- 0.27 ml/g/min (p less-than-or-equal-to 0.001).Conclusions. PET with (CO2)-O-15 inhalation provides an accurate noninvasive quantitative method for measuring regional myocardial blood flow in patients.

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