A1 Journal article – refereed
Brain glucose uptake is associated with endogenous glucose production in obese patients before and after bariatric surgery and predicts metabolic outcome at follow-up

List of Authors: Eleni Rebelos, Heidi Immonen, Marco Bucci, Jarna C. Hannukainen, Lauri Nummenmaa, Miikka-Juhani Honka, Minna Soinio, Paulina Salminen, Ele Ferrannini, Patricia Iozzo, Pirjo Nuutila
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Journal name in source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume number: 21
Issue number: 2
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 1462-8902
eISSN: 1463-1326


Aims: To investigate further the finding that insulin enhances brain
glucose uptake (BGU) in obese but not in lean people by combining BGU
with measures of endogenous glucose production (EGP), and to explore the
associations between insulin-stimulated BGU and peripheral markers,
such as metabolites and inflammatory markers. Materials and methods: A
total of 20 morbidly obese individuals and 12 lean controls were
recruited from the larger randomized controlled SLEEVEPASS study. All
participants were studied under fasting and euglycaemic
hyperinsulinaemic conditions using fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission
tomography. Obese participants were re-evaluated 6 months after
bariatric surgery and were followed-up for ~3 years. Results: In obese
participants, we found a positive association between BGU and EGP during
insulin stimulation. Across all participants, insulin-stimulated BGU
was associated positively with systemic inflammatory markers and plasma
levels of leucine and phenylalanine. Six months after bariatric surgery,
the obese participants had achieved significant weight loss. Although
insulin-stimulated BGU was decreased postoperatively, the association
between BGU and EGP during insulin stimulation persisted. Moreover, high
insulin-stimulated BGU at baseline predicted smaller improvement in
fasting plasma glucose at 2 and 3 years of follow-up. Conclusions: Our
findings suggest the presence of a brain-liver axis in morbidly obese
individuals, which persists postoperatively. This axis might contribute
to further deterioration of glucose homeostasis.

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Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 07:59