A1 Journal article – refereed
Alterations in heart rate variability in patients with peripheral arterial disease requiring surgical revascularization have limited association with postoperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events

List of Authors: Utriainen KT, Airaksinen JK, Polo OJ, Scheinin H, Laitio RM, Leino KA, Vahlberg TJ, Kuusela TA, Laitio TT
Publication year: 2018
Journal: PLoS ONE
Journal name in source: PLOS ONE
Journal acronym: PLOS ONE
Volume number: 13
Issue number: 9
Number of pages: 18
ISSN: 1932-6203
eISSN: 1932-6203

ObjectiveObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and associates with high mortality after surgery. Since abnormal heart rate variability (HRV) is predictive of postoperative complications, we investigated the relations of HRV with PAD, OSA and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE).Materials and methodsSeventy-five patients (67 +/- 9 years) scheduled for sub-inguinal revascularization and 15 controls (63 +/- 6 years) underwent polysomnography and HRV analyses. OSA with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >= 20/hour was considered significant. HRV was measured during wakefulness, S2, S3-4 and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep with time and frequency domain methods including beat-to-beat variability, low frequency (LF) and high frequency (HF) power, and detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). MACCE was defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, hospitalized angina pectoris and stroke.ResultsThirty-six patients (48%) had AHI >= 20/hour. During follow-up (median 52 months), 22 patients (29%) suffered a MACCE. Compared to controls, fractal correlation of HRV (scaling exponent alpha 1 measured with DFA) was weaker during S2 and evening wakefulness in all subgroups (+/-AHI >= 20/hour, +/-MACCE)but only in patients with AHI >= 20/hour during morning wakefulness. The LF/HF ratio was lower in all subgroups during S2 but only in patients with AHI >= 20/hour during evening or morning wake. In the covariance analysis adjusted for age, body mass index, coronary artery disease and PAD duration, the alpha 1 during morning wakefulness remained significantly lower in patients with AHI >= 20/hour than in those without (1.12 vs. 1.45; p = 0.03). Decreased HF during REM (p = 0.04) and S3-4 sleep (p = 0.03) were predictive of MACCE. In analyses with all sleep stages combined, mean heart rate as well as very low frequency, LF, HF and total power were associated with OSA of mild-to-moderate severity (AHI 10-20/hour).ConclusionsHRV is altered in patients with PAD. These alterations have a limited association with OSA and MACCE.

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Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 14:05