A1 Journal article – refereed
Early CD8+-recovery independently predicts low probability of disease relapse but also associates with severe GVHD after allogeneic HSCT

List of Authors: Juha Ranti, Samu Kurki, Urpu Salmenniemi, Mervi Putkonen, Soile Salomäki, Maija Itälä-Remes
Publication year: 2018
Journal: PLoS ONE
Volume number: 13
eISSN: 1932-6203


In this single-center study we retrospectively evaluated the impact of early reconstitution of different lymphocyte subsets on patient outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We found that CD8+ T-cell counts exceeding 50x106/l as early as on day 28 post-transplantation correlated significantly with decreased relapse risk, with three-year relapse rates of 17.0% and 55.6% (P = 0.002), but were also associated with severe acute and chronic GVHD. Incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD was 30.5% for those with early CD8+T-cell recovery compared to 2.1% for those with lower CD8+ T-cell counts on day 28 post-transplant (HR = 20.24, P = 0.004). Early CD8+ T-cell reconstitution did not, however, affect the overall survival. Multivariate analysis showed that slow CD8+ T-cell reconstitution was strongly associated with increased risk of relapse (HR = 3.44, P = 0.026). A weaker correlation was found between CD4+ reconstitution and relapse-risk, but there was no such association with CD19+ B-cells or NK-cells. In conclusion, the early CD8+ T-cell recovery on day 28 post-transplant is associated with the lower risk of relapse but also predicts the impending severe GVHD, and thus could be useful in guiding timely treatment decisions.

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Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:16