A1 Journal article – refereed
Probing the interactions in composite of graphene oxide and polyazulene in ionic liquid by in situ spectroelectrochemistry




List of Authors: Suominen M, Damlin P, Kvarnstrom C
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Electrochimica Acta
Journal name in source: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
Journal acronym: ELECTROCHIM ACTA
Volume number: 284
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 0013-4686
eISSN: 1873-3859

Abstract
Polyazulene (PAz) and polyazulene/graphene oxide composite (PAz/GO) films were electrochemically deposited from a choline based ionic liquid (IL), and characterized with attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) using Kretschmann geometry, and UV-Vis spectroscopy during electropolymerization and electrochemical oxidation. The use of different ILs has been shown to affect the morphology and long term cycling stability of PAz while fabricating composites is known to sometimes dramatically affect the electronic properties of PAz. The aim of this work was to study how the use of a viscous IL and, furthermore, incorporating GO affected the structural, electronic and optical properties of PAz. Overall, the vibrational behavior of the composite was very similar to PAz. During positive doping, the doping-induced infrared active vibrations (IRAV) of the composite were found at higher wavenumbers indicating shorter conjugation of PAz in the composite. Comparison to previous works and to PAz electropolymerized from conventional organic electrolyte solution revealed that polymerization in the viscous IL leads to electroactive and stable PAz with shorter effective conjugation length. The correlation between IRAV bands of doped PAz and Raman bands of neutral materials are also discussed within the framework of effective conjugation coordinate model (ECC). (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 14:08