A1 Journal article – refereed
Comparison of estimators and feature selection procedures in forest inventory based on airborne laser scanning and digital aerial imagery

List of Authors: Pohjankukka J., Tuominen S., Pitkänen J., Pahikkala T., Heikkonen J.
Publisher: Taylor and Francis AS
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
Journal name in source: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
Volume number: 33
Issue number: 7
Number of pages: 14
ISSN: 0282-7581
eISSN: 1651-1891


Digital maps of forest resources are a crucial factor in successful forestry applications. Since manual measurement of this data on large areas is infeasible, maps must be constructed using a sample field data set and a prediction model constructed from remote sensing materials, of which airborne laser scanning (ALS) data and aerial images are currently widely used in management planning inventories. ALS data is suitable for the prediction of variables related to the size and volume of trees, whereas optical imagery helps in improving distinction between tree species. We studied the prediction of forest attributes using field data from National Forest Inventory complemented with ad hoc field plots in combination with ALS and aerial imagery data in Aland province, Finland. We applied feature selection with genetic algorithm and greedy forward selection and compared multiple linear and nonlinear estimators. Maximally around 40 features from a total of 154 were required to achieve the best prediction performances. Tree height was predicted with normalized root mean squared error value of 0.1 and tree volume with a value around 0.25. Predicting the volumes of spruce and broadleaved trees was the most challenging due to small proportions of these tree species in the study area.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 07:50