A1 Journal article – refereed
Obstetric and perinatal health outcomes related to schizophrenia: A national register-based follow-up study among Finnish women born between 1965 and 1980 and their offspring

List of Authors: Simoila L, Isometsa E, Gissler M, Suvisaari J, Halmesmaki E, Lindberg N
Publication year: 2018
Journal: European Psychiatry
Journal name in source: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY
Journal acronym: EUR PSYCHIAT
Volume number: 52
ISSN: 0924-9338
eISSN: 1778-3585


Background: This national register-based study assesses obstetric and perinatal health outcomes in women with schizophrenia and their offspring.

Methods: Using the Care Register for Health Care, we identified Finnish women who were born in 19651980 and diagnosed with schizophrenia. For each case, five age-and place-of-birth-matched controls were obtained from the Central Population Register of Finland. They were followed from the day when the disorder was diagnosed in specialized health-care (the index day) until 31.12.2013. Information related to births was obtained from the Medical Birth Register and the Register of Congenital Malformations. We focused on singleton pregnancies that led to a delivery after the index day. We restricted the analysis of deliveries in controls to those that occurred after the index day of the case. Maternal age, marital status, smoking status, sex of the newborn, and parity were used as covariates in adjusted models.

Results: We identified 1162 singleton births among women with schizophrenia and 4683 among controls. Schizophrenic women had a 1.4-fold increased risk of induction of labor, delivery by cesarean section, and delivery by elective cesarean section. Regarding offspring, the risk of premature birth and the risk of low Apgar score at 1 min (<7) were 1.6-fold, of resuscitation 2.5-fold, and of neonatal monitoring 2.1-fold higher.

Conclusions: Schizophrenia associates with some specific delivery methods, but delivery complications are rare and their prevalence does not differ from that observed among community women. Maternal schizophrenia associates with some negative perinatal health outcomes of the offspring. (c) 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 10:18