A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Adhesive organelles of Gram-negative pathogens assembled with the classical chaperone/usher machinery: structure and function from a clinical standpoint




List of Authors: Zav'yalov V, Zavialov A, Zav'yalova G, Korpela T
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Publication year: 2010
Journal: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Journal name in source: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY REVIEWS
Journal acronym: FEMS MICROBIOL REV
Number in series: 3
Volume number: 34
Issue number: 3
Number of pages: 62
ISSN: 0168-6445

Abstract
This review summarizes current knowledge on the structure, function, assembly and biomedical applications of the superfamily of adhesive fimbrial organelles exposed on the surface of Gram-negative pathogens with the classical chaperone/usher machinery. High-resolution three-dimensional (3D) structure studies of the minifibers assembling with the FGL (having a long F1-G1 loop) and FGS (having a short F1-G1 loop) chaperones show that they exploit the same principle of donor-strand complementation for polymerization of subunits. The 3D structure of adhesive subunits bound to host-cell receptors and the final architecture of adhesive fimbrial organelles reveal two functional families of the organelles, respectively, possessing polyadhesive and monoadhesive binding. The FGL and FGS chaperone-assembled polyadhesins are encoded exclusively by the gene clusters of the gamma 3- and kappa-monophyletic groups, respectively, while gene clusters belonging to the gamma 1-, gamma 2-, gamma 4-, and pi-fimbrial clades exclusively encode FGS chaperone-assembled monoadhesins. Novel approaches are suggested for a rational design of antimicrobials inhibiting the organelle assembly or inhibiting their binding to host-cell receptors. Vaccines are currently under development based on the recombinant subunits of adhesins.

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Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 22:48