A1 Journal article – refereed
F-18-FDG-PET/CT based total metabolic tumor volume change during neoadjuvant chemotherapy predicts outcome in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer

List of Authors: Tuulia Vallius, Johanna Hynninen, Jukka Kemppainen, Victor Alves, Kari Auranen, Jaakko Matomäki, Sinikka Oksa,
Johanna Virtanen, Seija Grénman, Annika Auranen, Marko Seppänen

Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication year: 2018
Journal: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Journal acronym: EUR J NUCL MED MOL I
Volume number: 45
Issue number: 7
ISSN: 1619-7070
eISSN: 1619-7089


Objective: To evaluate the predictive potential of total metabolic tumor volume (MTV) reduction during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with F-18 FDG-PET/CT in an advanced FIGO stage III/IV epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patient cohort.

Methods: Twenty-nine primarily inoperable EOC patients underwent F-18 FDG-PET/CT before and after NACT. The pre- and post-NACT total MTV, in addition to the percentage MTV reduction during NACT, were compared with primary therapy outcome and progression-free survival (PFS). ROC-analysis determined an optimal threshold for MTV reduction identifying patients with progressive or stable disease (PD/SD) at the end of primary therapy. A multivariate analysis with residual tumor (0/>0), FIGO stage (III/IV) and MTV reduction compared to PFS was performed. The association between MTV reduction and overall survival (OS) was evaluated.

Results: The median pre- and post-NACT total MTV were 352 cm(3) (range 150 to 1322 cm(3)) and 51 cm(3) (range 0 to 417 cm(3)), respectively. The median MTV reduction during NACT was 89% (range 24% to 100%). Post-NACT MTV and MTV reduction associated with primary therapy outcome (MTV post-NACT p = 0.007, MTV reduction p = 0.001) and PFS (MTV post-NACT p = 0.005, MTV reduction p = 0.005). MTV reduction <85% identified the PD/SD patients (sensitivity 70%, specificity 78%, AUC 0.79). In a multivariate analysis, MTV reduction (p = 0.002) and FIGO stage (p = 0.003) were statistically significant variables associated with PFS. MTV reduction during NACT corresponded to OS = 0.05).Conclusion F-18-FDG-PET/CT is helpful in NACT response evaluation. Patients with total MTV reduction <85% during NACT might he candidates for second-line chemotherapy and clinical trials, instead of interval debulking surgery.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 17:56