A1 Journal article – refereed
Peripherally Administered Y-2-Receptor Antagonist BIIE0246 Prevents Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice With Excess Neuropeptide Y, but Enhances Obesity in Control Mice




List of Authors: Liisa Ailanen, Laura H. Vähätalo, Henriikka Salomäki-Myftari, Satu Mäkelä, Wendy Orpana, Suvi T. Ruohonen, Eriika Savontaus
Publisher: FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Journal name in source: FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY
Journal acronym: FRONT PHARMACOL
Volume number: 9
ISSN: 1663-9812

Abstract
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) plays an important role in the regulation of energy homeostasis in the level of central and sympathetic nervous systems (SNSs). Genetic silencing of peripheral Y-2-receptors have anti-obesity effects, but it is not known whether pharmacological blocking of peripheral Y-2-receptors would similarly benefit energy homeostasis. The effects of a peripherally administered Y-2-receptor antagonist were studied in healthy and energy-rich conditions with or without excess NPY. Genetically obese mice overexpressing NPY in brain noradrenergic nerves and SNS (OE-NPYD beta H) represented the situation of elevated NPY levels, while wildtype (WT) mice represented the normal NPY levels. Specific Y-2-receptor antagonist, BIIE0246, was administered (1.3 mg/kg/day, i.p.) for 2 or 4.5 weeks to OE-NPYD beta H and WT mice feeding on chow or Western diet. Treatment with Y-2-receptor antagonist increased body weight gain in both genotypes on chow diet and caused metabolic disturbances (e.g., hyperinsulinemia and hypercholesterolemia), especially in WT mice. During energy surplus (i.e., on Western diet), blocking of Y-2-receptors induced obesity in WT mice, whereas OE-NPYD beta H mice showed reduced fat mass gain, hepatic glycogen and serum cholesterol levels relative to body adiposity. Thus, it can be concluded that with normal NPY levels, peripheral Y-2-receptor antagonist has no potential for treating obesity, but oppositely may even induce metabolic disorders. However, when energy-rich diet is combined with elevated NPY levels, e.g., stress combined with an unhealthy diet, Y-2-receptor antagonism has beneficial effects on metabolic status.

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Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 22:23