A1 Journal article – refereed
Determinants of re-operation for bleeding in head and neck cancer surgery

List of Authors: E. Haapio, I. Kinnunen, J. K. E. Airaksinen, H. Irjala, T. Kiviniemi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Journal name in source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Volume number: 132
Issue number: 4
eISSN: 1748-5460


Objective: Post-operative bleeding in the head and neck area is potentially fatal. This ‘real world’ study sought to assess factors that increase the risk of re-operation for post-operative bleeding in head and neck cancer surgery.

Methods: A total of 456 patients underwent surgery for head and neck cancer (591 operations). The primary endpoint was re-operation for bleeding.

Results: The rate of re-operation for bleeding was 5 per cent of all operations. Re-operation for bleeding was an independent risk factor for 30-day mortality (odds ratio = 5.27, p = 0.014). Risk factors for re-operation because of bleeding included excessive (more than 4000 ml) fluid administration (over 24 hours) (p < 0.001), heavy alcohol consumption (p = 0.014), pre-operative oncological treatment (p = 0.017), advanced disease stage (p = 0.020) and higher tumour (T) classification (p = 0.034). Operations with more excessive bleeding (700 ml or more) were associated with an increased risk (p = 0.001) of re-operation for post-operative bleeding. Moreover, the risk of re-operation was significantly higher in patients undergoing microvascular surgery compared to those who had no oncological treatment pre-operatively (18 vs 6 per cent, p = 0.001).

Conclusion: The 30-day mortality risk increased over 5-fold in patients undergoing re-operation for bleeding.

Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 10:13