A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Circulating pathogen-specific plasmablasts in female patients with upper genital tract infection




Julkaisun tekijät: Nina V. Palkola, Sari H. Pakkanen, Oskari Heikinheimo, Jussi M. Kantele, Anu Kantele
Kustantaja: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Julkaisuvuosi: 2018
Journal: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volyymi: 126
Sivujen määrä: 7
eISSN: 1872-7603

Tiivistelmä

Mucosal antibodies constitute the first line of adaptive immune defence against invaders in the female genital tract (FGT), yet the sequence of events leading to their production is surprisingly poorly characterized. We explored the induction of pathogen-specific antibody-secreting cells (ASC) as a response to an acute infection in the upper FGT.

We recruited 12 patients undergoing surgery due to an upper FGT infection (7/12 blood culture positive, 5/12 negative) and six healthy controls. Pathogens were sampled during surgery and PBMC collected in the acute phase of the disease (days 7–10). We searched by ELISPOT circulating pathogen-specific ASC and explored their frequency, immunoglobulin isotype distribution, and expressions of homing receptors (α4β7, L-selectin, and CLA).

All patients had circulating ASC specific to the infective bacteria; the geometric mean was 434 (95%CI 155–1234) ASC (IgA + IgG + IgM)/106 PBMC. IgA ASC predominated in 7/12, IgG ASC in 3/12, and IgM ASC in 2/12 cases. Of all the pathogen-specific ASC, 60% expressed α4β7, 67% L-selectin, and 9% CLA.

This study is the first to show induction of pathogen-specific ASC in the peripheral blood in bacterial infection in the human FGT. Our findings reveal that such FGT-originating pathogen-specific ASC are predominated by IgA ASC and exhibit a homing receptor profile resembling that of ASC in acute urinary tract infection. The data thus suggest a characteristic profile shared by the urogenital tract.



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Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 21:10