A1 Journal article – refereed
High-throughput screening of colonization samples for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus




List of Authors: Stenholm T, Hakanen A, Hakanen E, Härmä H, Österblad M, Vuopio J, Hänninen P, Huovinen P, Rankakokko-Jalava K, Kotilainen P
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Journal name in source: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Number in series: 12
Volume number: 45
Issue number: 12
ISSN: 0036-5548

Abstract
Background: We present here the first application of 2-photon excited fluorescence detection (TPX) technology for the direct screening of clinical colonization samples for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Methods: A total of 125 samples from 14 patients with previously identified MRSA carriage and 16 controls from low-prevalence settings were examined. Results: The results were compared to those obtained by both standard phenotypic and molecular methods. In identifying MRSA carriers, i.e. persons with at least 1 MRSA positive colonization sample by standard methods, the sensitivity of the TPX technique was 100%, the specificity 78%, the positive predictive value 75%, and the negative predictive value 100%. The TPX assay sensitivity per colonization sample was 89%, the specificity 93%, the positive predictive value 84%, and the negative predictive value 95%. The median time for a true-positive test result was 3 h and 26 min; negative test results are available after 13 h. The assay capacity was 48 samples per test run. Conclusions: The TPX MRSA technique could provide early preliminary results for clinicians, while simultaneously functioning as a selective enrichment step for further conventional testing. Costs and workload associated with hospital infection control can be reduced using this high-throughput, point-of-care compatible methodology. © 2013 Informa Healthcare.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 09:21