A1 Journal article – refereed
Reinforcing effect of discontinuous microglass fibers on resin-modified glass ionomer cement.

List of Authors: Garoushi S, Vallittu PK, Lassila L
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Dental Materials Journal
Volume number: 37
Issue number: 3
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 0287-4547


This study investigated the reinforcing effect of discontinuous-glass fiber fillers with different loading-fractions on selected mechanical properties and wear of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC). Experimental fiber-reinforced RMGIC (Exp-RMGIC) was prepared by adding discontinuous-glass fiber of 200-500 µm in length to the powder of RMGIC (GC Fuji II LC) with different weight ratios (15, 20, 25 and 30 wt%). Mechanical properties and wear were determined for each experimental and control material. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the microstructure of the Exp-RMGICs. Wear pattern was analyzed by a three-dimensional (3D) noncontact optical profilometer. Fiber-reinforced RMGIC (30 wt%) had significantly higher mechanical performance of fracture toughness (1.9 MPa•m1/2), flexural strength (90.3 MPa), and diametral tensile strength (31 MPa) (p<0.05) compared to unreinforced material (0.8 MPa•m1/2, 51.9 and 20.7 MPa). The use of discontinuous-glass fiber fillers with RMGIC matrix is novel reinforcement and yielded superior toughening and flexural performance compared to conventional RMGIC.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 22:29