A1 Journal article – refereed
Long-term clinical and economic outcomes in previously untreated paediatric patients with severe haemophilia A: A nationwide real-world study with 700 person-years

List of Authors: K. Vepsäläinen, P. Riikonen, R. Lassila, M. Arola, P. Huttunen, P. Lähteenmäki, M. Möttönen, T. Selander, J. Martikainen
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Haemophilia
Journal name in source: Haemophilia
Volume number: 24
Issue number: 3
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 1351-8216
eISSN: 1365-2516


Aim: For previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe haemophilia A in Finland for the past 2 decades, the standard practice has been to start early primary prophylaxis. We evaluated the long‐term clinical outcomes and costs of treatment with high‐dose prophylaxis in PUPs from birth to adolescence, including immune tolerance induction (ITI).

Methods: From the medical records of all PUPs born between June 1994 and May 2013 in Finland, we retrospectively extracted data on clinical outcomes and healthcare use. Using linear mixed models, we analysed longitudinal clinical outcome data. To analyse skewed cost data, including zero costs, we applied hurdle regression.

Results: All 62 patients received early regular prophylaxis; totally, they have had treatment for nearly 700 patient‐years. The median age of starting home treatment was 1.1 years. The mean (SD) annual treatment costs (€ per kg) were 4391€ (3852). For ages 1‐3, ITI comprised over half of the costs; in other groups, prophylactic FVIII treatment dominated. With these high costs, however, clinical outcomes were desirable; median (IQR) ABR was low at 0.19 (0.07‐0.46) and so was AJBR at 0.06 (0‐0.24). Thirteen (21%) patients developed a clinically significant inhibitor, 10 (16%) with a high titre. All ITIs were successful. The mean costs for ITI were 383 448€ (259 085). The expected ITI payback period was 1.81 (95% CI 0.62‐12.12) years.

Conclusions: Early high‐dose prophylaxis leads to excellent long‐term clinical outcomes, and early childhood ITI therapy seems to turn cost‐neutral generally already in 2 years.

Last updated on 2019-09-07 at 17:58