A1 Journal article – refereed
Costs of Care of Agitation Associated With Dementia in 8 European Countries: Results From the RightTimePlaceCare Study




List of Authors: Costa N, Wubker A, De Mauleon A, Zwakhalen SMG, Challis D, Leino-Kilpi H, Hallberg IR, Stephan A, Zabalegui A, Saks K, Molinier L, Wimo A, Vellas B, Sauerland D, Binot I, Soto ME; on behalf of the RightTimePlaceCare consortium
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Journal name in source: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL DIRECTORS ASSOCIATION
Journal acronym: J AM MED DIR ASSOC
Volume number: 19
Issue number: 1
ISSN: 1525-8610

Abstract
Objective: To estimate the additional societal costs for people living with dementia (PwD) with agitation in home care (HC) and institutional long-term care (ILTC) settings in 8 European countries.Design: Cross-sectional data from the RightTimePlaceCare cohort.Setting: HC and ILTC settings from 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and England).Participants: A total of 1997 PwD (1217 in HC group and 780 lived in an ILTC) and their caregivers.Main Outcome Measures: Medical care, community care, and informal care were recorded using the Resource Utilization in Dementia (RUD) questionnaire. Agitation was assessed based on the agitation symptoms cluster defined by the presence of agitation and/or irritability and/or disinhibition and/or aberrant motor behavior items of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q).Results: Total monthly mean cost differences due to agitation were 445(sic) in the HC setting and 561(sic) in the ILTC setting (P = .01 and .02, respectively). Informal care costs were the main driver in the HC group (73% of total costs) and institutional care costs were the main driver in the ILTC group (53% of total costs). After adjustments, the log link generalized linear mixed model showed an association between agitation symptoms and an increase of informal care costs by 17% per month in HC setting (P < .05).Conclusion: This study found that agitation symptoms have a substantial impact on informal care costs in the community care setting. Future research is needed to evaluate which strategies may be efficient by improving the cost-effectiveness ratio and reducing the burden associated with informal care in the management of agitation in PwD. (C) 2017 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 23:28