A1 Journal article – refereed
Diffusion-weighted imaging of prostate cancer: effect of b-value distribution on repeatability and cancer characterization




List of Authors: Merisaari H, Toivonen J, Pesola M, Taimen P, Boström PJ, Pahikkala T, Aronen HJ, Jambor I
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2015
Journal: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume number: 33
Issue number: 10
eISSN: 0730-725X

Abstract


PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of b-value distribution on the repeatability and Gleason score (GS) prediction of prostate cancer (PCa).



METHODS: Fifty PCa patients underwent two repeated 3T diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) examinations using 12 b values in the range from 0 to 2000s/mm(2) and diffusion time of 20.3ms. Mean signal intensities of regions of interest, placed in PCa using whole mount prostatectomy sections as the reference, were fitted using monoexponential, kurtosis, stretched exponential, and biexponential models. In total, 4083 different b-value combinations consisting of 2 to 12 b values were evaluated. Repeatability was assessed by intraclass correlation coefficient,
ICC(3,1), and coefficient of repeatability (CoR). Areas under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) for PCa characterization were estimated while the correlation of the fitted values with GS groups (3+3, 3+4, >3+4) was evaluated by using the Spearman correlation coefficient (ρ).
RESULTS: The parameters of monoexponential, kurtosis, and stretched exponential models estimated using only 4-5, 5-7, 5-7 b values, respectively, had similar ICC(3,1), CoR, AUC, and ρ values as the parameters estimated using all 12 b values. Optimized b-value distributions demonstrated improved ICC(3,1) and CoR values but failed to improve AUC and ρ values. The parameters of biexponential model demonstrated the worst repeatability and diagnostic performance.
CONCLUSION: B-value distribution influences mainly the repeatability of
DWI-derived parameters rather than the diagnostic performance.


Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 09:51

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