A1 Journal article – refereed
Overexpression of Man2C1 leads to protein underglycosylation and upregulation of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway




List of Authors: Bernon C, Carre Y, Kuokkanen E, Slomianny MC, Mir AM, Krzewinski F, Cacan R, Heikinheimo P, Morelle W, Michalski JC, Foulquier F, Duvet S
Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
Publication year: 2011
Journal: Glycobiology
Journal name in source: GLYCOBIOLOGY
Journal acronym: GLYCOBIOLOGY
Number in series: 3
Volume number: 21
Issue number: 3
Number of pages: 13
ISSN: 0959-6658

Abstract
Unfolded glycoproteins retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are degraded via the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. These proteins are subsequently transported to the cytosol and degraded by the proteasomal complex. Although the sequential events of ERAD are well described, its regulation remains poorly understood. The cytosolic mannosidase, Man2C1, plays an essential role in the catabolism of cytosolic free oligomannosides, which are released from the degraded proteins. We have investigated the impact of Man2C1 overexpression on protein glycosylation and the ERAD process. We demonstrated that overexpression of Man2C1 led to modifications of the cytosolic pool of free oligomannosides and resulted in accumulation of small Man(2-4)GlcNAc(1) glycans in the cytosol. We further correlated this accumulation with incomplete protein glycosylation and truncated lipid-linked glycosylation precursors, which yields an increase in N-glycoprotein en route to the ERAD. We propose a model in which high mannose levels in the cytosol interfere with glucose metabolism and compromise N-glycan synthesis in the ER. Our results show a clear link between the intracellular mannose-6-phosphate level and synthesis of the lipid-linked precursors for protein glycosylation. Disturbance in these pathways interferes with protein glycosylation and upregulated ERAD. Our findings support a new concept that regulation of Man2C1 expression is essential for maintaining efficient protein N-glycosylation.


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Last updated on 2019-16-08 at 19:55