A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Will the Oxygen-Phosphorus Paradigm Persist? - Expert Views of the Future of Management and Restoration of Eutrophic Lakes

Julkaisun tekijät: Nina A. Nygren, Petri Tapio, Jukka Horppila
Kustantaja: Springer
Julkaisuvuosi: 2017
Journal: Environmental Management
Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Lehden akronyymi: ENVIRON MANAGE
Volyymi: 60
Julkaisunumero: 5
Sivujen määrä: 14
ISSN: 0364-152X
eISSN: 1432-1009

In the age of climate change, the demand and lack of pure water challenges many communities. Substantial amount of effort is put in every year to manage and restore degraded lakes while the long-term effects of those efforts are only poorly known or monitored. Oxygenation, or aeration, is used extensively for the restoration of eutrophic lakes, although many studies question whether this process improves the status of the lakes in the long-term. The desired effect of oxygenation is based on paradigmatic theories that, in the light of recent literature, might not be adequate when long-term improvements are sought. This article canvasses expert views on the feasibility of the 'oxygen-phosphorus paradigm' as well as the future of the management and restoration of eutrophic lakes, based on an international, two-rounded, expert panel survey (Delphi study), employing 200 freshwater experts from 33 nationalities, contacted at three conferences on the topic. The conclusion is that the oxygen-phosphorus paradigm seems to be rather persistent. The experts considered oxygenation to be a valid short-term lake restoration method, but not without harmful side-effects. In addition, experts' low level of trust in the adequacy of the scientific knowledge on the effects of restorations and in the use of the scientific knowledge as a basis of choice of restoration methods, could be signs of a paradigm shift towards an outlook emphasizing more effective catchment management over short-term restorations. The expert panel also anticipated that reducing external nutrient loads from both point and diffuse sources will succeed in the future.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 21:54