A2 Review article in a scientific journal
The Relations Between Maternal Prenatal Anxiety or Stress and Child’s Early Negative Reactivity or Self-Regulation: A Systematic Review

List of Authors: Korja R., Nolvi S., Grant K., McMahon C.
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Journal name in source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume number: 48
Issue number: 6
Number of pages: 19
ISSN: 0009-398X
eISSN: 1573-3327


In the present review, we examine the association between maternal prenatal stress or anxiety and children’s early negative reactivity or self-regulation. The review includes 32 studies that focus on pregnancy-related anxiety, state or trait anxiety, perceived stress, and stressful life events in relation to child’s crying, temperament, or behavior during the first 2 years of life. We searched four electronic databases and 32 studies were selected based on the inclusion criteria. Twenty-three studies found an association between maternal prenatal anxiety or stress and a child’s negative reactivity or self-regulation, and typically the effect sizes varied from low to moderate. The association was found regardless of the form of prenatal stress or anxiety and the trimester in which the prenatal stress or anxiety was measured. In conclusion, several forms of prenatal anxiety and stress may increase the risk of emotional and self-regulatory difficulties during the first 2 years of life.

Last updated on 2019-30-07 at 17:28