A1 Journal article – refereed
12 Weeks' aerobic and resistance training without dietary intervention did not influence oxidative stress but aerobic training decreased atherogenic index in middle-aged men with impaired glucose regulation




List of Authors: Venojarvi M, Korkmaz A, Wasenius N, Manderoos S, Heinonen OJ, Lindholm H, Aunola S, Eriksson JG, Atalay M
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Place: OXFORD; THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Journal name in source: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Journal acronym: Food Chem.Toxicol.
Volume number: 61
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 0278-6915

Abstract
Our aim was to determine whether 12 weeks' aerobic Nordic walking (NW) or resistance exercise training (RT) without diet-induced weight loss could decrease oxidative stress and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and MetS score in middle-aged men with impaired glucose regulation (IGR) (n = 144. 54.5 +/- 6.5 years). In addition, we compared effects of intervention between overweight and obese subgroups. Prevalence of MetS and AIP index decreased only in NW group and MetS score in both NW and RT groups but not in control group. The changes in AIP index correlated inversely with changes in plasma antioxidant capacity. The change in AIP index remained a significant independent predictor of the changes in MetS score after the model was adjusted for age, BMI and volume of exercise (MET h/week) in NW group. There were no changes in the other measured markers of oxidative stress and related cytokines (e.g. osteopontin and osteoprotegerin) in any of the groups. Nordic walking decreased prevalence of MetS and MetS score. Improved lipid profile remained a predictor of decreased MetS score only in NW group and it seems that Nordic walking has more beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease risks than RT training. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 17:44