A1 Journal article – refereed
Alcohol Policy Changes and Trends in Adolescent Drinking in Finland from 1981 to 2011




List of Authors: Lintonen T, Karlsson T, Nevalainen J, Konu A
Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Journal name in source: ALCOHOL AND ALCOHOLISM
Journal acronym: ALCOHOL ALCOHOLISM
Number in series: 5
Volume number: 48
Issue number: 5
Number of pages: 7
ISSN: 0735-0414

Abstract
Aims: To test if changes in national alcohol policy have had an impact on alcohol use among 12- to 18-year-old adolescents in Finland over a 30-year period. Methods: Frequencies of drinking any amounts of alcohol and drinking alcohol until really drunk from bi-annual repeated cross-sectional surveys from 1981 to 2011 were examined against a national alcohol policy review using nationally representative samples of 12-, 14-, 16- and 18-year-old adolescents (n = 99,724) in Finland. Results: Twelve-year-olds' alcohol drinking remained rare throughout the period. Drinking among 18-year-olds generally increased throughout the period. Significant increases until the late 1990s and decreases thereafter were observed in 14- and 16-year-olds' drinking patterns. A sharp increase was predicted between 2003 and 2005 as a result of EU-related processes, but instead decrease was observed among 14-16-yearolds. The tests of hypothesized decrease from 2005 to 2011 due to tightening alcohol policy including several tax raises produced mixed results. Conclusion: Alcohol policy changes between 1981 and 2011 seem not to have had noticeable influence on alcohol drinking or drunkenness among the under-aged in Finland. Conspicuous increases seen in population total consumption in association with EU-related developments have not materialized among adolescents.


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Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 10:08