A1 Journal article – refereed
High-Throughput Dual Screening Method for Ras Activities and Inhibitors




List of Authors: Kari Kopra, Arjan J. van Adrichem, Outi M. H. Salo-Ahen, Juha Peltonen, Krister Wennerberg, Harri Härmä
Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Analytical Chemistry
Journal name in source: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
Journal acronym: ANAL CHEM
Volume number: 89
Issue number: 8
ISSN: 0003-2700
eISSN: 1520-6882

Abstract
Ras GTPases act as "molecular switches", alternating between inactive GDP-bound and active GTP-bound conformation. Ras-oncogenes were discovered over three decades ago, but there are still no effective therapies for Ras-driven cancers. So far, drug discovery strategies have been unsuccessful, because of a lack of suitable screening methodologies and well-defined binding pockets on the Ras proteins. Here, we addressed the former by introducing a homogeneous quenching resonance energy transfer (QRET) technique-based screening strategy for Ras interfacial and competitive inhibitors. We demonstrate that using a unique GTP-specific antibody fragment to monitor GTPase cycling in the presence of a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) and a GTPase activating protein (GAP) is an efficient method for Ras inhibitor high-throughput screening. When compared to a conventional GEF-stimulated nucleotide exchange assay in a proof-of-concept screen, we identified an overlapping set of potential inhibitor compounds but also compounds found exclusively with the new GTP hydrolysis monitoring-based GTPase cycling assay.

Last updated on 2019-30-01 at 00:58