A1 Journal article – refereed
A longitudinal study of changes in psychosocial well-being during orthognathic treatment




List of Authors: Alanko Outi, Tuomisto Martti T., Peltomäki Timo, Tolvanen Mimmi, Soukka Tero, Svedström-Oristo Anna-Liisa
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
Publication year: 2017
Journal: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Journal name in source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume number: 46
Issue number: 11
Number of pages: 7
ISSN: 1399-0020

Abstract

The aim was to evaluate changes in the psychosocial well-being of orthognathic surgery patients (n = 22) during treatment and to compare results with those of adults not requiring orthognathic treatment (n = 22). Patient data were collected before treatment (T0), after the first orthodontic examination (T1), three times during treatment (T2–T4), and 1 year after surgery (T5). In this article, only data corresponding to patient stage T5 are reported for the control subjects. Participants filled in a structured diary and the modified version of the Secord and Jourard body image questionnaire, the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire II. Moreover, patients filled in the Symptom Checklist-90. After the placement of orthodontic appliances (T2), orthognathic quality of life, self-esteem, and psychological flexibility were lower and psychiatric symptoms increased. Improvements were observed from T2 to T5 in orthognathic quality of life, body image, self-esteem, psychological flexibility, and psychiatric symptoms. Treatment resulted in improvements from T0 to T5 in orthognathic quality of life, body image, and psychiatric symptoms. At T5, patient psychosocial well-being was comparable to or even better than that of control subjects. Orthognathic treatment seems to support psychological well-being, but the range of individual variation is wide.


Downloadable publication

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.




Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:44