A1 Journal article – refereed
Molecular mechanism of alpha 2 beta 1 integrin interaction with human echovirus 1




List of Authors: Jokinen J, White DJ, Salmela M, Huhtala M, Käpylä J, Sipila K, Puranen JS, Nissinen L, Kankaanpaa P, Marjomaki V, Hyypia T, Johnson MS, Heino J
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Publication year: 2010
Journal: EMBO Journal
Journal name in source: EMBO JOURNAL
Journal acronym: EMBO J
Number in series: 1
Volume number: 29
Issue number: 1
Number of pages: 13
ISSN: 0261-4189

Abstract
Conformational activation increases the affinity of integrins to their ligands. On ligand binding, further changes in integrin conformation elicit cellular signalling. Unlike any of the natural ligands of alpha 2 beta 1 integrin, human echovirus 1 (EV1) seemed to bind more avidly a 'closed' than an activated 'open' form of the alpha 2I domain. Furthermore, a mutation E336A in the alpha 2 subunit, which inactivated alpha 2 beta 1 as a collagen receptor, enhanced alpha 2 beta 1 binding to EV1. Thus, EV1 seems to recognize an inactive integrin, and not even the virus binding could trigger the conformational activation of alpha 2 beta 1. This was supported by the fact that the integrin clustering by EV1 did not activate the p38 MAP kinase pathway, a signalling pathway that was shown to be dependent on E336-related conformational changes in alpha 2 beta 1. Furthermore, the mutation E336A did neither prevent EV1 induced and alpha 2 beta 1 mediated protein kinase C activation nor EV1 internalization. Thus, in its entry strategy EV1 seems to rely on the activation of signalling pathways that are dependent on alpha 2 beta 1 clustering, but do not require the conformational regulation of the receptor. The EMBO Journal (2010) 29, 196-208. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2009.326; Published online 19 November 2009

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 22:07