A1 Journal article – refereed
Explaining and predicting individually experienced liking of berry fractions by the hTAS2R38 taste receptor genotype

List of Authors: Laaksonen O, Ahola J, Sandell M
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Appetite
Journal name in source: APPETITE
Journal acronym: APPETITE
Volume number: 61
Number of pages: 12
ISSN: 0195-6663

The roles of taste and astringent properties, food choice motives and health concerns in liking of bilberry and crowberry samples were studied using a sensory panel prescreened for the hTAS2R38 taste receptor genotype. The subjects rated the intensity of sourness, bitterness and two astringent properties (soft, velvety and rough, puckering) of all berry samples. They also scored the liking of juice fractions and completed a food choice motive and health concern questionnaire. Regression models were used to combine different data sets and to predict liking of the extracts. Sourness contributed positively to the liking of berry fractions, and bitterness and rough astringency were negative factors. The hTAS2R38 genotype affected the liking of polyphenol-rich extracts, which were significantly bitter and astringent. Based on the genotype grouping of subjects, PAV homozygotes gave lower ratings to the attributes than AVI homozygotes. In contrast, PAV homozygotes were predicted to dislike the extracts notably more than AVI homozygotes. Health concern and food choice motives related to health and weight control had significant roles in individual liking of juice fractions. Our results indicate that mood was more important to the PAV homozygotes than to the AVI homozygotes. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Last updated on 2019-14-06 at 13:01