A1 Journal article – refereed
The role of the working memory and language skills in the prediction of word problem solving in 4- to 7-year-old children

List of Authors: Kyttälä Minna, Aunio Pirjo, Lepola Janne, Hautamäki Jarkko
Publication year: 2014
Journal: Educational Psychology
Journal name in source: EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Journal acronym: EDUC PSYCHOL-UK
Volume number: 34
Issue number: 6
Number of pages: 23
eISSN: 1469-5820


The aim of this study was to analyse the role of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory (WM) and language skills (vocabulary, listening comprehension) in predicting preschool and kindergarten-aged children's ability to solve mathematical word problems presented orally. The participants were 116 Finnish-speaking children aged 4-7 years. The results showed that verbal WM (VWM) did not have a direct effect on word problems in young children but was indirectly related to word problems through vocabulary and listening comprehension. These results suggest that in young children, VWM resources support language skills which, furthermore, contribute to variation in solving orally presented word problems. The results also showed that visuo-spatial WM had a direct effect on performance in word problems, suggesting that it plays an important role in word problem solving among this age group.

Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 10:54