A1 Journal article – refereed
A comparison of capture antibody fragments in cardiac troponin I immunoassay.




List of Authors: Hyytiä Heidi, Järvenpää Marja-Leena, Ristiniemi Noora, Lövgren Timo, Pettersson Kim
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Clinical Biochemistry
Journal acronym: Clin Biochem
Number in series: 12
Volume number: 46
Issue number: 12
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 0009-9120

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:


To compare cardiac troponin I (cTnI) values measured from 32 normal plasma specimens with a two-site cTnI research assay exploiting different molecular forms of a capture antibody.


DESIGN AND METHODS:


The current research assay consists of two capture antibodies immobilized on streptavidin-well surface and one detection antibody attached to highly fluorescent europium(III)-chelate-doped nanoparticles. Four different molecular forms of one of the capture antibodies (intact monoclonal (Mab), F(ab')2 fragment, Fab fragment and chimeric Fab fragment (cFab)) were tested. The developed immunoassays were evaluated in terms of their analytical sensitivities and assay kinetics. Furthermore, cTnI concentrations were measured from 32 heparin plasma samples from apparently healthy donors (mean age 32; range 24-60 years).


RESULTS:


The differences in the measured cTnI concentrations (corrected for the buffer-based zero calibrator) between the Mab and the three fragmented forms were highly significant (P<0.0001). Replacing the intact Mab with the antibody fragments also reduced the required antibody amount from 100 ng to 66 ng (F(ab')2) and 16.5 ng (Fab and cFab). Furthermore, the limit of detection was improved when Fab fragments were employed (Mab: 0.90 ng/L, Fab: 0.69 ng/L and cFab: 0.41 ng/L). The apparent normal range median (minimum/maximum) of the 32 healthy subjects was reduced from 7.28 ng/L (2.64/116 ng/L) with Mab to 1.80 ng/L (0.746/10.6 ng/L) for the cFab.


CONCLUSIONS:


Eliminating the Fc-part from one of the two capture antibodies in an immunofluorometric cTnI assay substantially reduced the measured cTnI concentrations, simultaneously improving the assay sensitivity and reducing the reagent consumption.


Copyright © 2013 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.



Last updated on 2019-14-06 at 12:57