A3 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa
Distributional Semantics of the Partitive A Argument Construction in Finnish

Julkaisun tekijät: Huumo Tuomas, Kyröläinen Aki-Juhani, Kanerva Jenna, Luotolahti M. Juhani, Salakoski Tapio, Ginter Filip, Laippala Veronika
Paikka: Cambridge
Julkaisuvuosi: 2017
Kirjan nimi *: Empirical Approaches to Cognitive Linguistics: Analysing Real-Life Data
Sarjan nimi: Empirical Approaches to Cognitive Linguistics
ISBN: 978-1-4438-7325-3


In Standard Finnish, the case marking of the S argument in existential clauses alternates between the nominative and the partitive, while A arguments of transitive clauses are always in the nominative. In actual usage, however, the partitive is used occasionally to mark some A arguments as well (the partitive A). We extracted data from the Finnish Internet Parsebank, an ongoing project that crawls the Finnish Internet and gathers massive corpora with an automatic morphological and syntactic analysis. We focus on the properties of the argument structure of the partitive A construction, and present a qualitative analysis for the properties of the A and O arguments and their contribution to the semantics of this particular structure. The role of the verb is then analyzed, with a focus on frequency of use and semantic similarity. We utilize semantic vector models in constructing similarity-based relations among the verbs, and present an analysis of semantic similarity based on the word2vec model. This measure of similarity is based on estimates of co-occurrence of words in the corpus, but it can scale efficiently up to billions of estimates. Overall, the analysis presented shows the niche occupied by the partitive A in the Finnish lexicon and the contribution of individual arguments, frequency of use, and semantic similarity.

Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 18:24