A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Zinc finger protein 521, a new player in bone formation




List of Authors: Hesse E, Kiviranta R, Wu M, Saito H, Yamana K, Correa D, Atfi A, Baron R
Publication year: 2010
Journal: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Journal name in source: SKELETAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Journal acronym: ANN NY ACAD SCI
Volume number: 1192
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 0077-8923

Abstract
Exploration of anabolic pathways in osteoblasts revealed that Zfp521, a 30-zinc finger protein, is highly expressed at the periphery of mesenchymal condensations and in developing bones. In these structures it is expressed in chondroblasts, prehypertrophic chondrocytes, the periosteum, osteoblasts, osteoblast precursors, and osteocytes. Forced expression of Zfp521 in osteoblasts in vivo increases bone formation and bone mass, whereas preliminary data suggest that germline deletion leads to osteopenia. In contrast, overexpressing Zfp521 in vitro antagonizes, and knockdown favors, osteoblast differentiation and nodule formation. Zfp521 expression is inhibited by bone morphogenetic protein-2 and stimulated by parathyroid hormone-related protein. Mechanistically, Zfp521 binds to Runx2, repressing its transcriptional activity. These data support the hypothesis that Zfp521 both opposes the progression of precursors and promotes the maturation and function of mature osteoblasts. The balance between Zfp521 and Runx2 may therefore contribute to the regulation of osteoblast differentiation and bone formation.

Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 23:30