A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Hostility and unemployment: A two-way relationship?




Julkaisun tekijät: Hakulinen C, Jokela M, Hintsanen M, Pulkki-Raback L, Elovainio M, Hintsa T, Hutri-Kahonen N, Viikari J, Raitakari OT, Keltikangas-Jarvinen L
Kustantaja: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Julkaisuvuosi: 2013
Journal: Journal of Vocational Behavior
Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: JOURNAL OF VOCATIONAL BEHAVIOR
Lehden akronyymi: J VOCAT BEHAV
Numero sarjassa: 2
Volyymi: 83
Julkaisunumero: 2
Sivujen määrä: 8
ISSN: 0001-8791

Tiivistelmä
Previous studies have indicated that personality can lead to selection into unemployment, and that unemployment can adversely influence psychological well-being. This study examined the relationship between trait hostility and unemployment, hypothesizing a two-way relationship. Participants were from the Young Finns study that began in 1980, including 2097 (56% women) individuals followed over 15 years from 1992 to 2007. Short-term unemployment within the preceding year was reported in 2001 and current unemployment status was reported in 2007. Long-term history of unemployment was reported in 2001 and 2007. Results showed that high hostility is associated with higher risk of becoming unemployed and having longer unemployment duration. Being unemployed predicted higher hostility in the short-term, but not over the long-term after adjustments for participant's own and parental educational level. Thus, personality factors are involved in the self-selection into unemployment and unemployment can influence short-term personality change. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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