A1 Journal article – refereed
Detecting Terrain Stoniness From Airborne Laser Scanning Data

List of Authors: Nevalainen P, Middleton M, Sutinen R, Heikkonen J, Pahikkala T
Publisher: MDPI AG
Publication year: 2016
Journal: Remote Sensing
Journal name in source: REMOTE SENSING
Journal acronym: REMOTE SENS-BASEL
Volume number: 8
ISSN: 2072-4292

Three methods to estimate the presence of ground surface stones from publicly available Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) point clouds are presented. The first method approximates the local curvature by local linear multi-scale fitting, and the second method uses Discrete-Differential Gaussian curvature based on the ground surface triangulation. The third baseline method applies Laplace filtering to Digital Elevation Model (DEM) in a 2 m regular grid data. All methods produce an approximate Gaussian curvature distribution which is then vectorized and classified by logistic regression. Two training data sets consisted of 88 and 674 polygons of mass-flow deposits, respectively. The locality of the polygon samples is a sparse canopy boreal forest, where the density of ALS ground returns is sufficiently high to reveal information about terrain micro-topography. The surface stoniness of each polygon sample was categorized for supervised learning by expert observation on the site. The leave-pair-out (L2O) cross-validation of the local linear fit method results in the area under curve AUC = 0.74 and AUC = 0.85 on two data sets, respectively. This performance can be expected to suit real world applications such as detecting coarse-grained sediments for infrastructure construction. A wall-to-wall predictor based on the study was demonstrated.

Last updated on 2019-19-07 at 15:28