A1 Journal article – refereed
1H NMR-based metabolic fingerprinting of urine metabolites after consumption of lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) with a high-fat meal

List of Authors: Lehtonen HM, Lindstedt A, Järvinen R, Sinkkonen J, Graça G, Viitanen M, Kallio H, Gil AM
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Food Chemistry
Journal name in source: FOOD CHEMISTRY
Journal acronym: FOOD CHEM
Number in series: 2-3
Volume number: 138
Issue number: 2-3
ISSN: 0308-8146

The use of NMR metabolomics in clinical trials is growing; however, reports of postprandial experiments in humans are scarce. The present study investigated whether consumption of lingonberries as a supplement to an oil-rich meal modifies the postprandial fingerprints of human urine. Urine samples were analysed by H-1 NMR, and untargeted multivariate analysis was applied to the data for comprehensive fingerprinting. A clear separation of postprandial lingonberry meal samples was revealed. To evaluate statistical differences, a targeted approach was applied for the informative spectral areas. Significantly (p < 0.05) increased levels of polyphenol metabolites, hippuric acid and 4-hydroxyhippuric acid, and decreased creatinine and dimethylamine levels were the major explanations for the grouping of the postprandial samples after the different meals. Thus, inclusion of polyphenol-rich lingonberry powder in a rapeseed oil-rich meal modifies the metabolic profile of urine which may be used to reveal both consumption of berries and health-promoting changes in the common metabolism. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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