A1 Journal article – refereed
Influence of staining solutions and whitening procedures on discoloration of hybrid composite resins




List of Authors: Garoushi S, Lassila L, Hatem M, Shembesh M, Baady L, Salim Z, Vallittu P
Publisher: INFORMA HEALTHCARE
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Journal name in source: ACTA ODONTOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA
Journal acronym: ACTA ODONTOL SCAND
Number in series: 1
Volume number: 71
Issue number: 1
Number of pages: 7
ISSN: 0001-6357

Abstract
Objectives. The aim was to evaluate the color stability and water uptake of two hybrid composite resins polymerized in two different conditions after exposure to commonly consumed beverages. In addition, the effect of repolishing and bleaching on the stained composite was evaluated. Methods. Eighty specimens (12 mm x 12 mm x 3 mm) were made from two hybrid composite resins of shade A2. Forty specimens of each composite were divided into two groups (n = 20 per each) according to the curing method used (hand light cure HLC or oven light cure OLC). Then each group (HLC or OLC) was sub-divided randomly into four sub-groups (n = 5), which were immersed for 60 days in different beverages (distal water, coffee, tea and pepsi) and incubated at 37 degrees C. Water uptake was measured during this time and followed by measurement of color difference (DE) by using a spectrophotometer. After complete staining, repolishing (grit 4000 FEPA at 300 rpm under water) and bleaching (40% hydrogen peroxide bleaching gel) were conducted. The repolished and bleached specimens were submitted to new color measurements. Results. Color value of the specimens immersed in tea displayed the highest statistically significant (p < 0.05) mean color difference (DE) compared to other beverages, whereas the DE value of pepsi was significantly lower than the others. After staining of the composite resins, both the bleaching and repolishing were able to reduce the DE value. Conclusions. All beverages used affected the color stability of tested composite resins. The effect of beverages on color change of composites depends on type of beverage and water uptake value of resins used. A superior whitening effect was obtained with repolishing technique compared to bleaching.


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