A1 Journal article – refereed
Fam3c modulates osteogenic differentiation by down-regulating Runx2

List of Authors: Bendre Ameya, Büki Kalman G, Määttä Jorma A
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Differentiation
Volume number: 93


Fam3c, a
cytokine-like protein, is a member of the Fam3 family (family with
sequence similarity 3) and has been implicated to play a crucial role in
Epithelial-to- mesenchymal transition (EMT) and subsequent metastasis
during cancer progression. A few independent genome-wide association
studies on different population cohorts predicted the gene locus of Fam3c to be associated with bone mineral density and fractures. In this study, we examined the role of Fam3c during osteoblast differentiation. Fam3c
was found to be expressed during osteogenic differentiation of both
primary bone marrow stromal cells and MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts. In
differentiating osteoblasts, knockdown of Fam3c increased alkaline phosphatase expression and activity whereas overexpression of Fam3c reduced it. Furthermore, overexpression of Fam3c caused reduction of Runx2 expression at both mRNA and protein levels. Fam3c
was localized in the cytoplasm and it was not secreted outside the cell
during osteoblast differentiation and therefore, may function
intracellularly. Furthermore, Fam3c and TGF-β1 were found to regulate each other reciprocally. Our findings therefore suggest a functional role of Fam3c in the regulation of osteoblast differentiation.

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Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 20:15