A1 Journal article – refereed
Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Intra-Abdominal Fat in Young Adulthood: A Monozygotic Co-Twin Control Study

List of Authors: Rottensteiner M, Leskinen T, Jarvela-Reijonen E, Vaisanen K, Aaltonen S, Kaprio J, Kujala UM
Publication year: 2016
Journal: Obesity
Journal name in source: OBESITY
Journal acronym: OBESITY
Volume number: 24
Issue number: 5
Number of pages: 7
ISSN: 1930-7381

Objective: To investigate differences in abdominal fat compartments between young adult monozygotic twin pairs discordant for leisure-time physical activity.Methods: Ten young adult male monozygotic twin pairs (age range 32-36 years) discordant for leisure-time physical activity during the past 3 years were systematically selected from a population-based Finnish twin cohort. Magnetic resonance image at the level of the L2-L3 intervertebral disc was used to predict intra-abdominal and subcutaneous abdominal fat masses. Dietary intake was assessed with a 4-day food diary.Results: Inactive twins had 31% more intra-abdominal fat than their active co-twins (mean difference 0.52 kg, 95% CI 0.12 to 0.91, P=0.016), whereas the difference in subcutaneous abdominal fat was only 13% (P=0.21) and 3% in body mass index (P=0.28). Intraperitoneal fat mass was 41% higher among inactive twins compared to their active co-twins (mean difference 0.41 kg, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.70, P=0.012). Dietary intake did not differ between co-twins.Conclusions: A lower level of physical activity is related to greater accumulation of intra-abdominal fat among healthy adult males in their mid-30s. The findings highlight the importance of leisure-time physical activity independent of genes and diet in the prevention of intra-abdominal fat accumulation from early adulthood onward.

Last updated on 2019-11-09 at 21:13