A1 Journal article – refereed
Effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme on perceived health among employees at increased risk of incapacity for work: a controlled study.




List of Authors: Saltychev M, Laimi K, Oksanen T, Pentti J, Virtanen M, Kivimaki M, Vahtera J
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Publication year: 2012
Journal: Clinical Rehabilitation
Journal name in source: CLINICAL REHABILITATION
Journal acronym: CLIN REHABIL
Number in series: 6
Volume number: 26
Issue number: 6
Number of pages: 10
ISSN: 0269-2155

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:


To evaluate the effect of a four-week primary prevention programme on change in perceived health among employees at increased risk of incapacity for work.


DESIGN:


A follow-up controlled study. Settings: The data were collected from survey responses and registered data on demographic, work and health characteristics, and health-related behaviours.


SUBJECTS:


Eight hundred and seventy-two participants and their 2440 propensity score-matched controls.


INTERVENTION:


Multidisciplinary preventive programme of physical training and psychological education to adopt a healthier lifestyle, and to achieve greater aerobic capacity, muscle strength and endurance, as well as better self-management of stress.


MAIN MEASURES:


Psychological distress, anxiety and suboptimal self-rated health.


RESULTS:


The prevalence of suboptimal self-rated health, psychological distress and anxiety did not differ between the participants and controls before the intervention (22.6% vs. 22.8%, 26.6% vs. 29.0%, and 33.0% vs. 33.8%, respectively). Similarly, after the intervention, there were no group differences in the prevalence of self-rated health problems at the time of the short-term (mean 1.7 years, up to 4.6 years) or long-term (mean 5.8 years, up to 9.2 years) follow-up. Figures for prevalence of suboptimal self-rated health, psychological distress and anxiety in participants and controls at the time of the long-term follow-up were 33.8% vs. 28.9%, 25.1% vs. 24.9%, and 34.7% vs. 33.2%, respectively.


CONCLUSIONS:


No beneficial effects on perceived health were observed for a four-week primary prevention programme widely used in Finland to reduce early retirement on health grounds.


Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:04