A1 Journal article – refereed
Studies on the effects of heparin products on pregnancy-associated plasma protein A

List of Authors: Wittfooth S, Tertti R, Lepäntalo M, Porela P, Qin Q, Tynjälä J, Inkinen O, Perttilä J, Airaksinen K, Pettersson K
Publication year: 2011
Journal: Clinica Chimica Acta
Journal name in source: Clinica Chimica Acta
Volume number: 412
Issue number: 3-4
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 0009-8981

Background: Intravenous low molecular weight (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) increase the circulating concentrations of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), a novel cardiac risk marker, in haemodialysis and coronary angiography patients. Methods: To further investigate the mechanisms of heparin effects, free PAPP-A was analysed in serial serum samples collected during haemodialysis (intravenous LMWH), carotid endarterectomy or abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery (intravenous UFH), treatment at intensive care unit (subcutaneous LMWH), and coronary angiography (intravenous bivalirudin). PAPP-A was extracted from plaque tissue samples of endarterectomy and aneurysm patients. The interaction between heparin products and free PAPP-A was studied with gel filtration. Results: After intravenous UFH and LMWH free PAPP-A increased significantly but bivalirudin had no effect. After LMWH bolus in haemodialysis patients 85% of free PAPP-A was cleared with a half-life of 13.1. min and the rest with a half-life of 96.6. min. Subcutaneous LMWH led to lower and slower free PAPP-A elevation. PAPP-A extracted from plaque tissues was in free form and extraction was strongly enhanced by LMWH. Heparin products increased the molecular size of free PAPP-A. Conclusions: The heparin-induced PAPP-A elevation is seen in various patients and should be taken into account when PAPP-A is studied as a biomarker. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Last updated on 2019-14-06 at 12:22