A1 Journal article – refereed
Effectiveness of multidisciplinary primary prevention in decreasing the risk of work disability in a low-risk population.




List of Authors: Saltychev M, Laimi K, El-Metwally A, Oksanen T, Pentti J, Virtanen M, Kivimaki M, Vahtera J
Publisher: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL WORK ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH
Publication year: 2012
Journal: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Journal name in source: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF WORK ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH
Journal acronym: SCAND J WORK ENV HEA
Number in series: 1
Volume number: 38
Issue number: 1
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 0355-3140

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 4-week primary prevention program (vocationally oriented multidisciplinary early rehabilitation or VOMR) in reducing the risk of long-term work disability among public sector employees at risk of deteriorating work capacity because of work-related strain.


METHODS:


As a part of the prospective Finnish public sector study, a follow-up study was carried out among 1394 public sector employees who underwent VOMR and their 4146 propensity score-matched controls. Baseline characteristics of 41 488 employees with full data on all 25 matching variables, measured from survey responses and national health registers, were used to calculate a propensity score for each employee to be granted rehabilitation. The cases were compared with the controls using Cox proportional hazard models as regards the risk of long-term work disability (sick leave >90 days or retirement on health grounds) after rehabilitation.


RESULTS:


During a mean follow-up of 2.8 years [standard deviation (SD) 1.49, range 0.04-5.0], incident all-cause work disability was observed for 6.1% of the rehabilitants and 6.2% of the controls [hazard ratio (HR) 0.98, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.76-1.25]. The corresponding HR for the main causes of work disability stemming from musculoskeletal diseases and mental disorders were 0.86 (95% CI 0.57-1.30) and 1.08 (95% CI 0.67-1.74), respectively.


CONCLUSIONS:


VOMR was not associated with a lowered risk of long-term work disability compared to the controls. No support was obtained for the effectiveness of primary prevention for work disability in a low-risk cohort of employees.



Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 22:30