Simon Chapman
MBiolSci

Doctoral Candidate, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (Department of Biology)
Doctoral Student, Department of Biology (Department of Biology)

sinich@utu.fi
Vesilinnantie 5
Turku
Natura
Office: 252



Areas of expertise
evolutionary biology; altruism; post-reproductive life; menopause; demography

Biography

I am a doctoral candidate in the Department of Biology, studying context-dependence of the adaptive benefits of post-reproductive life in humans as part of the Human Life History Group (Professor V. Lummaa). Previously, I worked on growth in Asian elephants with the Myanmar Timber Elephant Project (then based at the University of Sheffield, UK, now based at UTU).



Research

My current work focuses on the outcomes of grandmother help under different contexts, using a dataset on families from pre-industrial Finland. The adaptive benefits of grandmothering are thought to have had some role in the evolution of the rare life-history traits shown by humans and few other species (traits including menopause, extended post-reproductive life, and long periods of dependency). However, it cannot be assumed that help is a constant, and therefore it is important to investigate how e.g. resource stress would affect outcomes of help, in order to further our understanding of how post-reproductive life can evolve. Additionally, I have researched how the demography of grandparents has changed through time, from pre-industrial Finland to the mid-20th century.



Teaching

I have taught on the Human Evolution course given by the Department of Biology.



Publications

Limits to Fitness Benefits of Prolonged Post-reproductive Lifespan in Women (2019)
Current Biology
Chapman SN, Pettay JE, Lummaa V, Lahdenperä M
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Maternal age at birth shapes offspring life-history trajectory across generations in long-lived Asian elephants (2019)
Journal of Animal Ecology
Sophie Reichert, Vérane Berger, John Jackson, Simon N. Chapman, Win Htut, Khyne U. Mar, Virpi Lummaa
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Grandmotherhood across the demographic transition (2018)
PLoS ONE
Simon N. Chapman, Jenni E. Pettay, Mirkka Lahdenperä, Virpi Lummaa
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Limited support for the X-linked grandmother hypothesis in pre-industrial Finland (2018)
Biology Letters
Chapman Simon N., Pettay Jenni E., Lummaa Virpi, Lahdenperä Mirkka
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Predictors of Grandparental Investment (2018) Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science Chapman S., Tanskanen A.O., Danielsbacka M.
(
A3 Book chapter)

Changes in Length of Grandparenthood in Finland 1790-1959 (2017)
Finnish Yearbook of Population Research
Simon N. Chapman, Mirkka Lahdenperä, Jenni E. Pettay, Virpi Lummaa
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Is bigger better? The relationship between size and reproduction in female Asian elephants (2017)
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
J.A.H. Crawley, H.S. Mumby, S.N. Chapman, M. Lahdenperä, K.U. Mar, W. HTut, A. Thura Soe, H.H. Aung, V. Lummaa
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Distinguishing between determinate and indeterminate growth in a long-lived mammal (2015)
BMC Evolutionary Biology
Mumby HS, Chapman SN, Crawley JAH, Mar KU, Htut W, Soe AT, Aung HH, Lummaa V
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)


Last updated on 2019-17-07 at 02:22